3 Wochen Rundreise entlang der antiken Seidenstrasse durch Usbekistan, Turkmenistan und Iran in kleiner Gruppe bis max. 12 Personen. Buchen Sie eine. Usbekistan & Iran, 14 Nächte. Eine Tischler Reisen Rundreise. Usbekistan & Iran 15 Tage/14 Nächte - ab Taschkent/bis Teheran Privattour, deutschsprachig. Ihre individuelle Rundreise durch den Iran, Turkmenistan und Usbekistan buchen Sie bei Ihrem Asien-Spezialisten Dimsum Reisen | Reise entlang der.
Große Seidenstraße Teil 1 und 2Doch auch in anderen Bereichen nähert sich die Islamische Republik an die zentralasiatischen Staaten an. Der Iran liebt usbekische Baumwolle. Usbekistan & Iran, 14 Nächte. Eine Tischler Reisen Rundreise. Usbekistan & Iran 15 Tage/14 Nächte - ab Taschkent/bis Teheran Privattour, deutschsprachig. 3 Wochen Rundreise entlang der antiken Seidenstrasse durch Usbekistan, Turkmenistan und Iran in kleiner Gruppe bis max. 12 Personen. Buchen Sie eine.
Iran Usbekistan Navigation menu VideoUzbekistan vs Iran - All Goals \u0026 Highlights - Friendly match 8-10-2020
For example, the station Metro Kosmonavtov built in is decorated using a space travel theme to recognise the achievements of mankind in space exploration and to commemorate the role of Vladimir Dzhanibekov , the Soviet cosmonaut of Uzbek origin.
A statue of Vladimir Dzhanibekov stands near a station entrance. There are government-operated trams and buses running across the city.
There are also many taxis, registered and unregistered. Uzbekistan has plants that produce modern cars. The car production is supported by the government and the Korean auto company Daewoo.
In May UzDaewooAuto , the car maker, signed a strategic agreement with General Motors-Daewoo Auto and Technology GMDAT , see GM Uzbekistan also.
Afterward, it signed an agreement with Isuzu Motors of Japan to produce Isuzu buses and lorries. Train links connect many towns in Uzbekistan, as well as neighbouring former republics of the Soviet Union.
Moreover, after independence two fast-running train systems were established. Uzbekistan launched the first high-speed railway in Central Asia in September between Tashkent and Samarqand.
The new high-speed electric train Talgo , called Afrosiyob , was manufactured by Patentes Talgo S. Spain and took its first trip from Tashkent to Samarkand on 26 August The plant originated during World War II, when production facilities were evacuated south and east to avoid capture by advancing Nazi forces.
Until the late s, the plant was one of the leading aeroplane production centres in the USSR. With dissolution of the Soviet Union its manufacturing equipment became outdated; most of the workers were laid off.
Now it produces only a few planes a year, but with interest from Russian companies growing, there are rumours of production-enhancement plans.
With close to 65, servicemen, Uzbekistan possesses the largest armed forces in Central Asia. The military structure is largely inherited from the Turkestan Military District of the Soviet Army , although it is going through a reform to be based mainly on motorised infantry with some light and special forces [ citation needed ].
The Uzbek Armed Forces' equipment is standard, mostly consisting those of post-Soviet inheritance and newly crafted Russian and some American equipment.
The government has accepted the arms control obligations of the former Soviet Union, acceded to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty as a non-nuclear state , and supported an active program by the U.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency DTRA in western Uzbekistan Nukus and Vozrozhdeniye Island. The Government of Uzbekistan spends about 3.
Following 11 September terrorist attacks in the U. Central Command 's request for access to an air base, the Karshi-Khanabad airfield, in southern Uzbekistan.
However, Uzbekistan demanded that the U. The last US troops left Uzbekistan in November On 23 June , Uzbekistan became a full participant in the Collective Security Treaty Organization CSTO , but informed the CSTO to suspend its membership in June Uzbekistan joined the Commonwealth of Independent States in December However, it is opposed to reintegration and withdrew from the CIS collective security arrangement in Since that time, Uzbekistan has participated in the CIS peacekeeping force in Tajikistan and in UN-organized groups to help resolve the Tajikistan and Afghanistan conflicts, both of which it sees as posing threats to its own stability.
Previously close to Washington which gave Uzbekistan half a billion dollars in aid in , about a quarter of its military budget , the government of Uzbekistan has recently restricted American military use of the airbase at Karshi-Khanabad for air operations in neighbouring Afghanistan.
The relationship between Uzbekistan and the United States began to deteriorate after the so-called " colour revolutions " in Georgia and Ukraine and to a lesser extent Kyrgyzstan.
When the U. In late July , the government of Uzbekistan ordered the United States to vacate an air base in Karshi-Kanabad near Uzbekistan's border with Afghanistan within days.
It is also believed by some Uzbeks that the protests in Andijan were brought about by the UK and U.
Uzbekistan is a member of the United Nations UN since 2 March , the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council EAPC , Partnership for Peace PfP , and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe OSCE.
It belongs to the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation OIC and the Economic Cooperation Organization ECO comprising the five Central Asian countries, Azerbaijan , Iran , Turkey , Afghanistan , and Pakistan.
In , Uzbekistan joined the GUAM alliance Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova , which was formed in making it GUUAM , but pulled out of the organisation in Uzbekistan is also a member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation SCO and hosts the SCO's Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure RATS in Tashkent.
Uzbekistan joined the new Central Asian Cooperation Organisation CACO in The CACO consists of Uzbekistan, Tajikistan , Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
It is a founding member of, and remains involved in, the Central Asian Union , formed with Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, and joined in March by Tajikistan.
In September , UNESCO presented Islam Karimov an award for Uzbekistan's preservation of its rich culture and traditions. The month of October also saw a decrease in the isolation of Uzbekistan from the West.
The EU announced that it was planning to send a delegation to Uzbekistan to talk about human rights and liberties, after a long period of hostile relations between the two.
Although it is equivocal about whether the official or unofficial version of the Andijan Massacre is true, the EU is evidently willing to ease its economic sanctions against Uzbekistan.
Nevertheless, it is generally assumed among Uzbekistan's population that the government will stand firm in maintaining its close ties with the Russian Federation and in its theory that the — protests in Uzbekistan were promoted by the US and UK.
In January , Lola Karimova-Tillyaeva was appointed to her current role as Uzbekistan's ambassador to UNESCO. Karimova-Tillyaeva and her team have been instrumental in promoting inter-cultural dialogue by increasing European society's awareness of Uzbekistan's cultural and historical heritage.
Uzbekistan has a wide mix of ethnic groups and cultures, with the Uzbek being the majority group. It is said, however, that non-Uzbeks decline as Russians and other minority groups slowly leave and Uzbeks return from other parts of the former Soviet Union.
When Uzbekistan gained independence in , there was concern that Muslim fundamentalism would spread across the region.
As of , over half of Uzbekistan's population was said to be Muslim, and increasing, though in an official survey few had any real knowledge of the religion or knew its detailed teachings.
Central Asian classical music is called Shashmaqam , which arose in Bukhara in the late 16th century when that city was a regional capital.
Shashmaqam is closely related to Azerbaijani Mugam and Uyghur muqam. The name, which translates as six maqams refers to the structure of the music, which contains six sections in six different Musical modes , similar to classical Persian traditional music.
Interludes of spoken Sufi poetry interrupt the music, typically beginning at a lower register and gradually ascending to a climax before calming back down to the beginning tone.
Uzbekistan has a high literacy rate , with Students attend school Monday through Saturday during the school year, and education officially concludes at the end of the 12th grade.
There are two international schools operating in Uzbekistan, both in Tashkent: The British School catering for elementary students only, and Tashkent International School , a K international curriculum school.
Uzbekistan has encountered severe budget shortfalls in its education program. The education law of began the process of theoretical reform, but the physical base has deteriorated and curriculum revision has been slow.
A large contributor to this decline is the low level of wages received by teachers and the lack of spending on infrastructure, buildings and resources on behalf of the government.
Corruption within the education system is also rampant, with students from wealthier families routinely bribing teachers and school executives to achieve high grades without attending school, or undertaking official examinations.
Uzbekistan's universities create almost , graduates annually, though the general standard of university graduates, and the overall level of education within the tertiary system, is low.
Several universities, including Westminster University , Turin University , Management University Institute of Singapore , Bucheon University in Tashkent , TEAM University and Inha University Tashkent maintain a campus in Tashkent offering English language courses across several disciplines.
The Russian-language high education is provided by most national universities, including foreign Moscow State University and Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas , maintaining campuses in Tashkent.
As of , Webster University , in partnership with the Ministry of Education, has opened a graduate school offering an MBA in Project Management and a MA in Teaching English as a Second Language TESL.
Uzbek cuisine is influenced by local agriculture , as in most nations. There is a great deal of grain farming in Uzbekistan, so breads and noodles are of importance and Uzbek cuisine has been characterised as "noodle-rich".
Mutton is a popular variety of meat due to the abundance of sheep in the country and it is part of various Uzbek dishes. Uzbekistan's signature dish is palov plov or osh , a main course typically made with rice , pieces of meat , and grated carrots and onions.
Oshi nahor , or morning plov , is served in the early morning between 6 am and 9 am to large gatherings of guests, typically as part of an ongoing wedding celebration.
Other notable national dishes include shurpa shurva or shorva , a soup made of large pieces of fatty meat usually mutton , and fresh vegetables; norin and laghman , noodle-based dishes that may be served as a soup or a main course; manti , chuchvara , and somsa , stuffed pockets of dough served as an appetiser or a main course; dimlama , a meat and vegetable stew; and various kebabs , usually served as a main course.
Green tea is the national hot beverage consumed throughout the day; teahouses chaikhanas are of cultural importance.
Black tea is preferred in Tashkent , but both green and black teas are consumed daily, without milk or sugar. Tea always accompanies a meal, but it is also a drink of hospitality that is automatically offered: green or black to every guest.
Ayran , a chilled yogurt drink, is popular in summer, but does not replace hot tea. The use of alcohol is less widespread than in the West, but wine is comparatively popular for a Muslim nation as Uzbekistan is largely secular.
Uzbekistan has 14 wineries, the oldest and most famous being the Khovrenko Winery in Samarkand established in The Samarkand Winery produces a range of dessert wines from local grape varieties: Gulyakandoz, Shirin, Aleatiko, and Kabernet likernoe literally Cabernet dessert wine in Russian.
Uzbek wines have received international awards and are exported to Russia and other countries. Uzbekistan is home to former racing cyclist Djamolidine Abdoujaparov.
Abdoujaparov has won the green jersey points contest in the Tour de France three times. He would often 'sprint' in the final kilometre and had a reputation as being dangerous in these bunch sprints as he would weave from side to side.
This reputation earned him the nickname 'The Terror of Tashkent'. Ruslan Chagaev is a former professional boxer representing Uzbekistan in the WBA.
He won the WBA champion title in after defeating Nikolai Valuev. Chagaev defended his title twice before losing it to Vladimir Klitschko in Another young talented boxer Hasanboy Dusmatov , light flyweight champion at the Summer Olympics , won the Val Barker Trophy for the outstanding male boxer of Rio on 21 August Michael Kolganov , a sprint canoer, was world champion and won an Olympic bronze in the K-1 meter.
In and , gymnast Alexander Shatilov won a world bronze medal as an artistic gymnast in floor exercise, though he lives in and represents Israel in international competition.
Oksana Chusovitina has attended 7 Olympic games, and won many medals in artistic gymnastics. Some of those medals were won while representing Germany, though she currently competes for Uzbekistan.
Uzbekistan is the home of the International Kurash Association. Kurash is an internationalised and modernised form of traditional Uzbek wrestling.
Football is the most popular sport in Uzbekistan. Uzbekistan's premier football league is the Uzbek League , which has consisted of 16 teams since The current champions are Lokomotiv Tashkent.
Pakhtakor holds the record for the most Uzbekistan champion titles, having won the league ten times. The current Player of the Year is Odil Akhmedov.
Uzbekistan's football clubs regularly participate in the AFC Champions League and the AFC Cup. Nasaf won AFC Cup in , the first international club cup for Uzbek football.
Humo Tashkent , a professional ice hockey team was established in with the aim of joining Kontinental Hockey League KHL , a top level Eurasian league in future.
Humo will join the second-tier Supreme Hockey League VHL for the —20 season. Before Uzbekistan's independence in , the country was part of the Soviet Union football , rugby union , basketball , ice hockey , and handball national teams.
After independence, Uzbekistan created its own football , rugby union , basketball and futsal national teams. Tennis is a very popular sport in Uzbekistan, especially after Uzbekistan's sovereignty in Uzbekistan has its own Tennis Federation called the "UTF" Uzbekistan Tennis Federation , created in Uzbekistan also hosts an International WTA tennis tournament, the "Tashkent Open", held in Uzbekistan's capital city.
This tournament has been held since , and is played on outdoor hard courts. The most notable active players from Uzbekistan are Denis Istomin and Akgul Amanmuradova.
Chess is quite popular in Uzbekistan. Uzbekistan-born Rustam Kasimdzhanov was the FIDE World Chess Champion in Other popular sports in Uzbekistan include basketball , judo , team handball , baseball , taekwondo , and futsal.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sovereign state in Central Asia. State emblem . On 31 August , the Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek SSR voted to declare the country independent from the Soviet Union.
The next day was then declared a national holiday and a day off from work by the Uzbek government, thus became Uzbekistan's Independence Day.
Main article: History of Uzbekistan. Main article: Geography of Uzbekistan. See also: List of cities in Uzbekistan.
Main article: Politics of Uzbekistan. This section may be confusing or unclear to readers. In particular, the last paragraph seems to lack preceding context.
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Main article: Human rights in Uzbekistan. See also: Andijan unrest. Main articles: Regions of Uzbekistan and Districts of Uzbekistan.
US-Iranian relations became strained when a group of Iranian students seized the US Embassy in Tehran in November and held embassy personnel hostages until mid-January The US cut off diplomatic relations with Iran in April During the period , Iran fought a bloody, indecisive war with Iraq that eventually expanded into the Persian Gulf and led to clashes between US Navy and Iranian military forces.
Iran has been designated a state sponsor of terrorism for its activities in Lebanon and elsewhere in the world and remains subject to US, UN, and EU economic sanctions and export controls because of its continued involvement in terrorism and concerns over possible military dimensions of its nuclear program.
Following the election of reformer Hojjat ol-Eslam Mohammad KHATAMI as president in and a reformist Majles legislature in , a campaign to foster political reform in response to popular dissatisfaction was initiated.
The movement floundered as conservative politicians, supported by the Supreme Leader, unelected institutions of authority like the Council of Guardians, and the security services reversed and blocked reform measures while increasing security repression.
Starting with nationwide municipal elections in and continuing through Majles elections in , conservatives reestablished control over Iran's elected government institutions, which culminated with the August inauguration of hardliner Mahmud AHMADI-NEJAD as president.
His controversial reelection in June sparked nationwide protests over allegations of electoral fraud. These protests were quickly suppressed, and the political opposition that arouse as a consequence of AHMADI-NEJAD's election was repressed.
International flights leaving Iran are suspended as part of the response to Coronavirus COVID Restrictions may also be in place for other modes of transport.
Currently, we are unable to provide international travel restriction information for Uzbekistan relating to Coronavirus COVID For the latest travel status in Uzbekistan, please check government recommendations.
Last updated: January 5 Data sourced from: ACAPS , OXFORD. More details. There is no direct flight from Shiraz Airport to Tashkent Airport.
The quickest flight takes 13h 40m and has one stopover. Search flights. Turkish Airlines, Uzbekistan, Iran Air and Flydubai offer flights from Shiraz Airport to Tashkent Airport.
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External Websites. Official Site of the Embassy of Uzbekistan to the United States Official Site of Embassy of Uzbekistan to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Uzbekistan.
Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Gavin R. Hambly See All Contributors Professor of History, University of Texas at Dallas.
Games stats. Goals stats. Actual match. Uzbekistan Uzbekistan In World cup position: 1 9 points. Change: Uzbekistan Bahrain Bosnia-Herzegovina Cambodia Hong Kong Iraq Mali Uzbekistan.
Iran Iran In World cup position: 3 6 points. Change: Iran Iran Iraq Saudi Arabia Singapore Syria Tajikistan U. Finished 90 '.
Uzbekistan in World cup 1 pos 9 points Iran in World cup 3 pos 6 points. Under 1. Under 2. Special offers.
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